In a tweet, the Head of the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage reminded us that Sunday marks the 83rd anniversary of Roman Dmowski's death.

 

"83 years ago, Roman Dmowski - one of the Fathers of Independence - died. It is only recently that his services to Poland have been commemorated, and there have already been attempts to erase them. We consistently honour all to whom we owe freedom and will continue to do so. Judgments of historical figures should always be made holistically and in the context of the times and conditions in which they lived. Glory to the Heroes,"- Gliński wrote.

 

Roman Dmowski was born on 9 August 1864. After the outbreak of the First World War, he became a member of the Polish National Committee set up on 25 November 1914 in Warsaw. Representing a pro-Russian orientation, it comprised mainly representatives of the National Democracy and the Realpolitik Party.

 

In 1919. Dmowski, together with Prime Minister Ignacy Paderewski, represented Poland at the Paris Peace Conference. On June 28, 1919, he co-signed the Treaty of Versailles on the behalf of Poland. Between 1919 and 1922 Roman Dmowski was a deputy to the Sejm (he was elected in absentia during his stay at the conference in Paris). In 1920, during the Polish-Bolshevik war, he was a member of the State Defence Council. In 1923, he was Minister of Foreign Affairs in Wincenty Witos's government.

 

After the May Coup of 1926. Dmowski founded the Camp of Great Poland, an extra-parliamentary and supra-party organisation in opposition to the government authorities. Its ideological declaration, of which he was the author, assumed, among other things, national solidarity, a close relationship between the state and the Church, and the need to shape the social and moral discipline.

 

Dmowski died after a long illness on 2 January 1939 in Drozdowo near Łomża. He was buried in the family tomb in the Bródno Cemetery in Warsaw. It was one of the largest national manifestations in interwar Poland. The funeral procession from St. John the Baptist Cathedral to Bródno was attended by - according to different sources - from 100 to 200 thousand people.