Designed for agricultural vehicles and heavy machinery, the gearbox’s distinguishing feature is that at low speed and on difficult terrain it enables smooth gear change and obtaining a high torque.
At higher speeds, it uses a typical, step gear shift, which results in more efficient drive operation and lower fuel consumption.
Project leader Dr. Piotr Patrosz said: “At low speed, the drive uses hydraulic automatic transmission, consisting of a prototype variable displacement piston pump and a prototype two-speed hydraulic piston engine with a freewheel function.
“At higher speed, the drive is transferred by a two-speed gearbox equipped with a set of three wet clutches, ensuring a smooth gear shift, without the need to disconnect the drive from the vehicle wheels.”
He added: “As part of the project, we have also designed an axial piston pump with a shifted swash plate rotation axis, which has increased its volumetric efficiency. In turn, the prototype swashplate engine enables free-wheel operation. Thanks to this, it does not have to be mechanically disconnected from the transmission when it is not used.”
The prototype was created for an existing telescopic handler, but the production-ready invention is suitable for much broader use, the researchers emphasise.
In theory, it can be used in any heavy machinery.
In addition to Dr. Piotr Partosz, the team members included Dr. Paweł Załuski, Marcin Bąk and Sławomir Sommer.
The gearbox was developed as part of the Lider VIII programme, and the project was financed by the National Centre for Research and Development in the amount of PLN 1,197,500.
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Source: Poland Daily 24, Science in Poland - PAP