Estimated reading time: 2 minutes
Fish may not have voices, but their size, shape, color, scale type, and origin speak volumes about their differences, as emphasized by Professor Danuta Figurska-Ciura from the University of Life Sciences in Wrocław. With the holiday season approaching, she addresses key questions: What fish to choose instead of carp? Which ones are the healthiest? How to recognize freshness? How to responsibly make a purchase?
The Health Benefits of Fish
Fish, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, offer numerous health benefits. Varieties like mackerel, herring, tuna, salmon, sprat, cod, and halibut are recommended for their heart, immune system, and cognitive benefits.
Carp and Herring – Holiday Recommendations
Both carp and herring, traditional holiday choices, have nutritional merits. Carp provides monounsaturated fatty acids and essential vitamins, mainly from aquaculture. Opt for smaller carp for optimal nutritional value. Herring, a fatty fish, boasts omega-3, potassium, calcium, iron, and vitamins E and D, with young herring (matjes) being a milder option.
Responsible Buying Practices
Professor Figurska-Ciura highlights the importance of responsible fish choices, considering species protection, sustainable fishing, and ethical farming practices. The “Code of Good Fishing Practice in Fish Farming” in Poland encourages support for responsible producers.
To identify fresh fish, look for a species-specific fresh scent, smooth, shiny scales, and firm flesh. Labels with sustainable fishing indicators are also recommended.
Tips for Delicious Fish
The professor offers culinary tips, such as marinating carp to eliminate mud taste and removing fish odors from hands and cutting boards with saltwater or lemon juice.