85 years ago, on August 11, 1937, the head of the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD), Nikolai Yezhov, issued Order No. 00485, ordering “the complete liquidation of Polish spy networks”. It was a signal to start the Polish operation – a gigantic extermination action, the victims of which were approximately 100,000 Poles in the former Polish borderlands.
After the partitions of the first Polish Republic and as a result of deportations, there were many Poles in the east. In former Russia, the Bolsheviks seized power and began to introduce new orders. Poles rebelled against collectivization and atheization.
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