Devices developed in Poland will be used in the Artemis mission. On board the Orion spacecraft there are infrared detectors from the Polish company VIGO Photonics. A set of ionising radiation detectors was developed by the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow.
The Artemis program is a Moon exploration program led by NASA and implemented in collaboration with private companies and international partners, including the European Space Agency (ESA). The Space Launch System (SLS) rocket with the Orion spacecraft carrying three astronaut-like mannequins launched on a journey around the Moon as part of the Artemis I mission on Wednesday morning Polish time from the NASA Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
This is the first of the flights intended to lead to astronauts’ return to the Moon, and then to establishing a permanent lunar base.
One of the basic components of the program is the crewed spacecraft Orion. It has been equipped with infrared detectors supplied by the Polish company VIGO Photonics. They are part of the Laser Air Monitor System – LAMS.
VIGO Photonics is a global manufacturer of photonic medium infrared detectors, detection modules and semiconductor materials. Its detectors were used in the Curiosity rover’s Tunable Laser Spectrometer (TLS) and in the ESA Exomars program with Schiaparelli lander.
A set of ionizing radiation detectors developed at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków will also be used during the Artemis I mission research. Measurement results will determine the doses and the nature of the radiation to which astronauts will be exposed to during the flight to the Moon, the Institute reports.
The next mission Artemis II will be a crew mission. Four astronauts will fly around the Moon at an altitude of 8900 km above the surface. If everything goes well, it should be launched in 2024. Then, in 2025, as part of the Artemis III mission, landing on the surface around the southern pole of the Moon is planned.