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Explore the “Black Dress: Patriots in the Fight for Freedom” exhibition in Wroclaw, highlighting women’s contributions to the January Uprising of 1863 and the Solidarity movement in Poland.
A new exhibition, “Black Dress: Patriots in the Fight for Freedom,” is now open at the Tadeusz Museum in Wroclaw, Poland. Commemorating the 160th anniversary of the January Uprising of 1863, this exhibition, curated by Małgorzata Orzeł, Magdalena Sozańska, Magdalena Sudoł, and Marta Dzido, delves into the crucial role played by women in Poland’s struggle for independence.
The exhibition is divided into two parts. The first section explores the involvement of Polish women in the January Uprising, while the second part focuses on the revolutionary efforts of women during the “Solidarity” era in Poland in the 1980s. It highlights the unwavering dedication of these women, who often risked their lives to resist oppressive regimes, serving as couriers, medics, and organizers.
Visitors will discover the evolution of the “black jewelry” worn by women during the January Uprising, symbolizing their patriotism. The exhibition features mourning attire, patriotic jewelry from the late 19th and early 20th centuries, prayer books, pamphlets, manuscripts, photographs, and more.
Moreover, the exhibition showcases the life stories and achievements of prominent women such as Eliza Orzeszkowa, Anna Henryka Pustowójtówna, Zofia Romanowiczówna, and Maria Bruchnalska. It also honors those like Joanna Lenartowicz, Jadwiga Kryńska, Janina Drabowska, Wanda Kołodziejczyk, and Grażyna Kuroń, who suffered persecution during the Polish People’s Republic.
The “Black Dress” exhibition offers a unique opportunity to explore the history and legacy of women’s contributions to Poland’s quest for freedom. It features historical artifacts, film footage, and even a reconstruction of a mourning gown, providing a poignant glimpse into the sacrifices made by these remarkable women. Additionally, items on display have been sourced from various collections, including those of Wojciech Postuła and Jacek Dehnel, adding depth and authenticity to the exhibition.
Accompanying events include guided tours, embroidery workshops, jewelry-making workshops for children and youth, film screenings, and a debate celebrating these female patriots.