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International Mountain Day is celebrated annually on December 11. This year’s theme is Women move mountains.
International Mountain Day was established by the UN General Assembly in 2002 to mark the end of the International Year of Mountain Areas under the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) auspices. The first celebration, coordinated by the FAO, took place in 2003.
United Nations pinpoints five crucial benefits of mountains. According to it, mountains provide a home for almost 1.1 billion people and host about half of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. What is more, mountains are the origin of 6 of the 20 most important food crops and forests cover around 40% of the global mountain area. Finally, mountains provide up to 60-80% of the world’s freshwater.