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    The Crosses of Easter ”Krzyżoki” in Borki Małe

    Discover “Krzyżoki,” a unique Easter tradition in Borki Małe, Opole, blending cultural heritage with deep-rooted faith and community spirit.


    In the heart of Opole Voivodeship, a unique custom has been inscribed on the National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage, paving the way for its potential inclusion on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, guided by the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

    The Tradition of “Krzyżoki”

    The tradition of “Krzyżoki,” involving the construction and hanging of Easter gates made from eggshells, along with field processions at night, is exclusively upheld in the village of Borki Małe in the municipality of Olesno. This tradition epitomizes the UNESCO definition of intangible cultural heritage, encompassing practices, knowledge, and skills passed down through generations.

    Roots and Continuity

    “Krzyżoki” serves as a living tradition deeply rooted in Borki Małe’s local history, intertwined with the identity of its inhabitants. Young men in the community uphold this tradition, considering it a vital part of their heritage. Elders trace its origins back to the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.

    Cultural Significance and Faith

    For the residents of Borki, preserving this tradition is a matter of profound importance, reflecting their deep faith and cultural identity. Beyond mere rituals, it fosters a sense of community and evokes powerful emotions, particularly during nocturnal church chants and field processions.

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