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    2024: Commemorating Polish Anniversaries and Milestones – November

    Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

    Explore Poland’s rich history in 2024, from the 80th anniversary of the Warsaw Uprising to the centennial celebrations of notable figures like Antoni Baraniak, Marek Hłasko, and Wincenty Witos. Immerse yourself in pivotal political, cultural, and societal events, honoring the legacy of these individuals and the nation’s accomplishments.


    November

    230 years ago, on November 4, 1794, Russian forces suppressing the Kościuszko Uprising carried out a massacre of the civilian population of Warsaw’s Praga district. The estimated number of victims of this crime is 20,000 people.

    120 years ago, on November 13, 1904, in Grzybowski Square in Warsaw, the Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party clashed for the first time with Russian military units. Eleven Poles were killed (including 4 women and 2 children), and over 40 were seriously injured. The clashes in Grzybowski Square foreshadowed the events of the 1905 revolution.

    85 years ago, on November 13, 1939, the Union of Armed Struggle (Związek Walki Zbrojnej) was established, which later became the Home Army (Armia Krajowa) and became the largest underground armed organization in occupied Europe.

    35 years ago, on November 17, 1989, in Warsaw, the monument to the communist perpetrator and founder of the Cheka, Felix Dzerzhinsky, was dismantled.

    260 years ago, on November 25, 1764, the coronation of Stanisław August Poniatowski took place in the St. John’s Cathedral in Warsaw.

    180 years ago, on November 28, 1844, the first train in history departed from Warsaw on its route to Pruszków.

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