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    National Day of Silesian Uprisings: Honoring a Historic Milestone

    On June 20th, Poland commemorates a significant event in its history: the Silesian Uprisings. This day marks the anniversary of Polish troops entering Upper Silesia in 1922, following decisive uprisings and a critical plebiscite. The enactment of a law designating this day as a national observance has given it formal recognition, reigniting a sense of pride and reflection on this pivotal chapter in Polish history.

    A Historic Transformation

    The Silesian Uprisings, coupled with the subsequent plebiscite and the interventions by the League of Nations and the Council of Ambassadors, culminated in a landmark decision. Approximately one-third of the contested Upper Silesia territory was transferred to Poland. On June 20, 1922, the Polish Army commenced its mission to reclaim these lands, crossing the border near Szopienice—a momentous day in Poland’s historical narrative.

    A Call for Recognition

    The National Day of Silesian Uprisings was established in response to fervent appeals from various groups, including the Sejmik of the Silesian Voivodship and the Socio-Cultural Society of Polish Silesia. Leading the initiative was President Andrzej Duda, who presented the bill to the Sejm. With overwhelming support, the Sejm adopted the law on May 12, 2022. It then progressed to the Senate and was signed into law by President Duda in Katowice on June 7.

    Embracing a New Tradition

    The first celebration of the National Day of Silesian Uprisings took place on June 20, 2022, marking the beginning of a long-overdue tradition. Although not officially recognized as a public holiday, this day holds profound significance for Polish citizens. It commemorates the entry of Polish troops into Upper Silesia post-uprisings and plebiscite, highlighting a crucial turning point in the nation’s history.

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