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    World Osteoporosis Day 2023: Promoting Bone Health

    Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

    Osteoporosis, a disease causing bone fragility even with minor injuries, is the focus of World Osteoporosis Day observed on June 24, 2023. It was established to address the growing number of individuals affected by this condition. Key objectives include educating communities about osteoporosis symptoms and treatment options.

    Osteoporosis development is influenced by factors such as vitamin D and calcium deficiencies, as well as gender, age, and race. White and Asian populations are estimated to be at higher risk. In Poland, approximately 11% of the population is affected, predominantly women during or after menopause due to hormonal imbalances.

    Risk Factors and Prevention

    Reduced physical activity, poor diet, vitamin deficiencies from weight loss programs, and excessive substance abuse contribute to osteoporosis. Excessive coffee consumption can also increase the risk of bone fractures. The disease results in decreased bone density, making fractures more common. Symptoms may include post-activity pain, fractures from minor injuries, and even height loss due to vertebral fractures.

    Diagnosing and Treating Osteoporosis

    Bone densitometry, a painless test measuring bone density, is recommended for early detection and timely treatment to prevent fractures. Daily vitamin D supplementation, especially from October to April, is crucial. A balanced diet rich in calcium, protein, and regular physical activity are essential preventive measures. Sun exposure aids in natural vitamin D synthesis, so spending time outdoors is beneficial. Eliminating harmful substances further promotes bone health.

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