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Polish journalist Andrzej Krajewski contemplates the potential consequences of proposed changes to EU treaties in a recent article on dziennik.pl. According to Krajewski, embracing these alterations would transform the EU into a federal state, with smaller member countries retaining autonomy akin to that of Germany’s federal states. The key question for Poland is not just being at the “EU table” but whether it sits or lies upon it. In this article, we explore the implications of these changes and their significance for Poland and the European Union.
A Federal European Union
Krajewski argues that the proposed trilateral changes would divide critical areas, from foreign policy and climate issues to healthcare, education, and tax systems, between EU institutions and national governments. New laws enacted in Brussels would take precedence over member state laws, reshaping the balance of power.
Smaller states would not lose the ability to elect their representatives or appoint governments. However, these institutions would have limited influence, primarily dealing with local matters, infrastructure, and the allocation of EU funds.
France, Germany, and the Need for Speed
Krajewski underscores the urgency for France and Germany to lead this transformation. With current trends, the window for such changes may be closing, as these nations could become too weakened to influence smaller EU members effectively.
Poland’s decision regarding the right to veto is crucial. It could either maintain its influence in the EU or risk isolation, akin to Ukraine’s situation in 1994 when it agreed to disarm in exchange for security guarantees.