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    Today we celebrate the 3 May Constitution Day

    Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

    The 3 May Constitution Day is a public holiday in Poland that commemorates the adoption of the Constitution of May 3, 1791. This document was one of the first modern constitutions in Europe and represented a significant step towards democracy and political reform in Poland.


    The Constitution of May 3 was drafted by a group of Polish statesmen and intellectuals who were inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment and the American and French Revolutions. The document enshrined the principles of political equality, religious tolerance, and the separation of powers, and it sought to limit the power of the monarchy and the nobility.

    The adoption of the Constitution of May 3 was a momentous occasion in Polish history, as it represented a break from the country’s feudal past and a move towards a more democratic and progressive society. Unfortunately, the constitution’s implementation was short-lived, as Poland was soon invaded and partitioned by its neighbors, Russia, Prussia, and Austria.

    In modern-day Poland, the National Day of May 3rd is celebrated with parades, ceremonies, and cultural events across the country. It is a time for Poles to reflect on their country’s history and to honor the brave men and women who fought for democracy and freedom. The holiday is also an opportunity to celebrate Poland’s rich cultural heritage, with music, dance, and traditional food being a major part of the festivities.

    Despite its significance, the 3 May Constitution Day has not been without controversy. In the years following World War II, the holiday was suppressed by the communist government, which saw it as a symbol of Polish nationalism and anti-Soviet sentiment. It was not until 1990, after the fall of communism, that the holiday was reinstated as a national day of celebration.

    The 3 May Constitution Day is an important day in the Polish calendar and one that serves as a reminder of the country’s rich history and enduring spirit of resilience and determination.

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