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    Monarchs of Poland series: Bolesław III Wrymouth: A Pivotal Figure in Polish

    Estimated reading time: 1 minute

    Bolesław III Wrymouth, also known as Bolesław III Krzywousty, was a significant ruler in Poland during the 11th and 12th centuries. He ascended the throne in 1107 and played a crucial role in expanding and consolidating his kingdom.


    Bolesław III was the son of Władysław I Herman and Judith, the daughter of Czech King Wratysław II. In 1107, he was crowned the King of Poland, signifying the growing influence of the Polish realm in the region.

    Expansion and Power

    As a ruler, Bolesław III focused on strengthening his state through economic development and territorial expansion. He sought to maintain dominance among Polish dukes, introducing the concept of seniorate to avoid disintegration upon his death.

    Bolesław III faced numerous challenges from neighboring countries, including Czech, German, and Kievan Rus. He dedicated much of his reign to defending his borders and engaging in wars.

    The Testament and Legacy

    In his “Testament,” Bolesław III divided his kingdom among his sons, aiming to prevent disputes after his passing. However, this division sparked internal conflicts and the period of fragmentation. Bolesław III Krzywousty remains a pivotal figure in Polish history, with his reign shaping the future of the country and leaving a lasting impact on its political landscape.

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