"Political goals are now achieved by operating in cyberspace, and this is also how the military approaches it- planning scenarios do not consider open conflicts, but hybrid ones," said Colonel Mariusz Chmielewski, deputy director of the National Cybersecurity Center.

 

According to the head of CERT Poland Przemysław Jaroszewski, the answer to hybrid threats in cyberspace should be "strengthening the resilience of citizens and society".

 

"We should show that conflicts in the third decade of the 21st century are increasingly no longer about driving in tanks, but about spreading information that causes social conflicts," said Przemyslaw Jaroszewski. “The more we know about it, the more we talk about it, the more resilient we are as a society and as a State," he stressed.

 

Participants in the debate agreed that education - directed at both children and the elderly - is the key to not succumbing to threats and hybrid activities designed to stimulate conflict.

 

It is also necessary to exchange information between the institutions of power operating in the field of security and to educate specialists - experts in the field of cyber security.

 

"There is no cyber security without government-business-military cooperation. There must be a quick exchange of data, there is no place for individual ambitions," said Colonel Chmielewski.

 

NASK (Research and Academic Computer Network) as one of three national levels of CSIRTs (Computer Security Incident Response Team) is an entity obliged to handle incidents submitted by operators of key services, providers of digital services, local government, and all those entities that are not served by CSIRT GOV (The Governmental Computer Security Incident Response Team) and CSIRT MON (CSIRT of the Ministry of National Defence).